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The official name of this gene is “ADAM metallopeptidase with thrombospondin type 1 motif, 10.”
ADAMTS10 is the gene's official symbol. The ADAMTS10 gene is also known by other names, listed below.
The ADAMTS10 gene provides instructions for making an enzyme that is found in many of the body's cells and tissues. This enzyme is part of a family of metalloproteases, which are zinc-containing enzymes that cut apart other proteins. Although the function of the ADAMTS10 enzyme is unknown, it is critical for growth before and after birth. Researchers believe that it may be involved in the development of structures including the skin, eyes, heart, and skeleton.
The ADAMTS10 gene belongs to a family of genes called ADAMTS (ADAMTS metallopeptidase with thrombospondin type 1 motif).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genefamilies) in the Handbook.
At least five mutations in the ADAMTS10 gene have been identified in people with Weill-Marchesani syndrome. Each of these mutations prevents the cell from producing any functional ADAMTS10 enzyme. Researchers speculate that a loss of this enzyme disrupts skeletal development, leading to short stature and unusually short fingers and toes (brachydactyly). A shortage of the ADAMTS10 enzyme also interferes with the development and function of the lens of the eye, causing eye abnormalities and impaired vision. Additionally, a lack of this enzyme may disrupt the normal development of the heart, resulting in the heart defects occasionally seen in people with Weill-Marchesani syndrome.
Cytogenetic Location: 19p13.2
Molecular Location on chromosome 19: base pairs 8,580,239 to 8,610,752
The ADAMTS10 gene is located on the short (p) arm of chromosome 19 at position 13.2.
More precisely, the ADAMTS10 gene is located from base pair 8,580,239 to base pair 8,610,752 on chromosome 19.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genelocation) in the Handbook.
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about ADAMTS10 helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/mutationsanddisorders/naming) in the Handbook.
brachydactyly ; cell ; chondrocyte ; domain ; enzyme ; gene ; metalloprotease ; motif ; short stature ; stature ; syndrome
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/glossary).
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/consult/findingprofessional) in the Handbook.